Optimizing Your Character’s Gear For PvP

How do you know what the best gear is for you to use in PvP? The best talent build? The optimal rotation to use?

It’s with some interest that I’m following Ask Mr. Robot’s PvP Optimization project. Ask Mr. Robot is an online PvE gear optimizer, which shows different levels of gear that should, in theory, result in the optimal PvE performance of your character and spec. I looked at it a few weeks ago, and it looked very slick – but also, as most gear and talent sites have done, ignores PvP and focuses on PvE. I think that focus is actually a good thing, since PvE optimization is more than challenging enough, so focusing on an area of the game with definite metrics for success while building a site means a cleaner product in the end. And while Mr. Robot and Elitist Jerks may not always agree on the best gear and spec for a class, the discussions around class mechanics and simulating performance, and how gear affects that performance, makes for better results overall.

But tackling PvP is an ambitious step, and one that I’m pleased to see the Mr. Robot team tackle. We do these things because they are hard!

PvE seems easier to model than PvP for one simple reason: in most cases, you are able to focus on a single variable’s output to determine success. Damage dealing is the easiest one to model, with one metric – DPS, damage per second – to measure. Healing and tanking are slightly more complicated, but reducing your optimization question to healing throughput (including damage mitigation) and threat generation gives you a concrete goal to focus on. And while I’m glossing over some important nuances here, especially for optimizing tank performance, you can simulate a fight based on these three variables – how much damage do you need done, how much damage is the raid going to take, how much threat needs to be generated to compensate for the damage being done – and optimize individual classes and entire raid groups that way.

PvP is different, and those differences make it a challenge to model.


The obvious difference between PvE and PvP – the kind of opponents you face in each activity – is only part of the challenge in optimizing for PvP. I’d argue that for modeling, it’s actually not a very big difference at all – you can evaluate performance in a neutral setting, and then modify those results situationally, according to class and environment.

I think a bigger challenge is trying to find balance between competing priorities in PvP which, frankly, don’t exist in PvE. In a typical raid environment a DPS can focus entirely on squeezing out every last drop of performance at the expense of survivability. Self-heals or resistance gear might make it easier to stay alive during specific encounters, but as long as DPS players can move out of bad things, they can delegate healing duties to the healers. Healers are expected to heal tank and raid damage as part of the encounter. DPS are expected to deliver a certain minimum amount of damage to the elements of the encounter.

Success in PvP, however, doesn’t come with optimizing solely for a single task. Generally, you can’t sacrifice your defense for offense, but neither can you emphasize your defense too much, or you won’t have the power for offense.

So what are the kinds of things that you have to take into account in PvP?

  • Survivability – You have to be able to stay alive to complete the goal of the match. In Arenas, dying means you lose. In Battlegrounds, dying means you are getting sent to a penalty box and moved around the map, possibly causing you to lose – but not always.
  • Output – You have to be able to cause damage or heal, and you have to do this job well.
  • Establishing Control – Controlling your opponents through CC abilities, interrupts, knockbacks, etc., all are essential to both staying alive and killing your opponent.
  • Regaining Control – Being able to take back control, when you lose it, through good use of trinkets and other abilities, is essential. Any discussion on optimization can’t ignore the value of a PvP trinket, and the escape abilities of a Flag Carrier are of paramount importance to success in WSG and TP.
  • Unpredictability – You are fighting a human opponent, and doing the unexpected can be the difference between victory or death. It could be simple things, like using Demonic Circle: Teleport and terrain to get melee to follow you into a bad position, or clever things, like using Barov’s Peasant Caller to keep a rogue in combat.
  • Variety – Within each class, and even each spec, there are many ways you can play it well. This lesson was drilled into me when I played a mage twink at level 19; I could build for damage OR control within the Frost tree, and it all depended on how I wanted to play the toon.
  • Environment – Different PvP activities require different emphasis and gear choices. In Arenas, you can build your class and gear around your known teammates, and can be assured of specific buffs or healing types. In Rated Battlegrounds, you have many (but not all) of the limits of Arenas, but often will need to be self sufficient – you will not have the same 1-4 people around you at all times. In regular BGs and world PvP, you may be completely on your own.

The more I think about it, the more gutsy the Ask Mr. Robot team seems for even making the attempt!


The best part about PvP gear is that, at least at the endgame, it’s pretty simple to figure out what you should be wearing. There is only one source of gear after the crafted sets – PvP vendors, no messy drops – so your endgame goals are pretty straightforward – get the best PvP gear you can afford in each slot. If you have Conquest points, get Vicious Gladiator’s Gear. If you have Honor Points, get Bloodthirsty Gear. If you don’t have any of those, get crafted gear.

But this kind of thinking is really about gear levels, not choices. It’s actually pretty easy to optimize for this, since you just have to look at your current activity level and figure out if you are able to get the next tier of gear. Instead of Heroic Modes / Raids / Heroics / Regular dungeons, you just ask Rated PvP / Unrated PvP / Crafted and you’re set. If you have Bloodthirsty gear but do Arenas, you should be looking at Vicious gear as your optimal set.

Gear levels are easy to code for. Gear choices are where we get into difficulties. Which neck piece should you get, the one with Spirit … or the one with Spell Penetration? Should you chose Mastery, Haste, or Crit? What about mixing in some PvE pieces? How much Resilience is enough? What do you enchant for? What do you gem for?

This is where the going gets tough.

Generally speaking, there are a few stats we need to make sure we take care of in PvP:

  • Hit: 4% spell hit, 5% melee hit, more if you’re DW)
  • Spell Penetration: 196 to cap, 240 to cap against Mages, but only for casters … and DKs.
  • Resilience: as much as possible.
  • Your primary stat: as much as possible.

But when we get down to the brass tacks of each class, how do we make a call on secondary stats? Some choices are obviously bad – Spirit does nothing for Warlocks, for instance, and Spell Penetration does nothing for Warriors – but some are not obviously bad, just not optimal. That’s where the Ask Mr. Robot algorithms can come in handy.


So one of the big changes I made in my own PvP gear this weekend was going away from PvP gear and getting the Darkmoon Card: Volcano for my warlock. This cost me 301 Resilience (0.82% damage reduction) in exchange for 321 Mastery, a 1600 Intellect proc, and damage procs that seem to happen all the time. It’s been a huge upgrade that causes my output to go through the roof, but at the expense of 1% damage reduction. I honestly think this is a better setup than what I had before, with dual PvP trinkets.

When do you make these tradeoffs? Is it on an item-by-item basis, or a overall sense of where your character is in their gear?

I think, unlike PvE, you might be better off looking at your entire set and making a judgement call. I think my biggest driver towards getting the Darkmoon Card was that my Resilience was at 3300, and that losing 1% (which brought me to like… 32%?) was a small price to pay for the gain of such a good trinket.

I’m fumbling around with the idea of a Resilience budget for each tier, instead of each item, to make these kinds of judgement calls. If you’re doing Rated PvP, you’ll want to have a certain amount of Resilience, but at some point you can make tradeoffs to do what you want to do. Perhaps it’s 80% of the total possible, or 90% – I’m not sure. But I’m pretty sure that if you just do an item-by-time analysis, you’re going to lose out on some benefits.

Of course, if Blizzard decides to apply diminishing returns to Resilience, then that changes the equation substantially.

Balance is tricky.


I actually think that it’s pretty easy to pick good gear for PvP – know which secondary stats benefit your output the most and favor them, hit the caps you need to hit, have a PvP trinket, and stack your primary stat and Resilience. Go pwn.

But good gear is not optimal gear. I guess that’s the part I honestly struggle with when discussing optimization for PvP – you’re going to need to do things that sacrifice one stat for another, and that those choices depend upon your playstyle. You could build a Destro Lock who stacked Crit and play Drakedog-style, or your could stack Haste and play Run-And-Gun. You could balance out between the two and be very successful!

But still… this is still a computer game. It follows rules which can be divined. There is a set of gear for each class which will produce optimal damage or healing while providing adequate protection, because that’s how computers work. There are a set of logical, calculable rules that are being followed here.

I think this is the point where people’s opinions diverge on optimization, be it Mr. Robot, Elitist Jerks, or any of a dozen other Warcraft think tanks. A rational analysis and simulation of optimal conditions provides a mathematical certainty about behavior; but that certainty doesn’t necessarily translate into actual gameplay. At the same time, just because gameplay is so important, it doesn’t mean you can ignore the effects of optimal gear and talent choice!

PvE, PvP, it doesn’t matter: if you come up with a set of rules to evaluate gear, there will be an optimal set of gear for your class and spec. It may not be the best set of gear for you, but it will be the best set of gear for those rules.

I know a lot of players in both PvP and PvE who break gear rules. Lufitoom (the Bloodthirsty) is a great example of a player who defies traditional wisdom with her spec and stacks Mastery as her secondary stat, to great effect.

Ask Mr. Robot is essentially trying to divine a set of rules that will produce optimal gear and talent choices in PvP. I think that’s an admirable goal – otherwise I wouldn’t have written this post. They are trying to produce a friendly tool that will help players pick the best gear by doing the math for them.

But, just like in life, the most optimal path may not be the best one. Use your own judgement.

(And if you’re an Affliction PvP warlock, Haste > Crit > Mastery, because your dots will be easily expelled, and you’re going to need to cast other things, too.)


You likely know more about PvPing on your class than I do. It takes working with a class for a while to really understand the nuances of it, and I don’t even claim to get all the nuances of all the specs of playing a Warlock. (You don’t see me Demo PvP for a reason!)

You almost definitely know more about PvPing on your class than the folks at Ask Mr. Robot. They’re building a tool to help players choose gear and talent builds, and are dipping their toes into the waters of PvP for the first time. I think this is a gutsy project, and hope that you will stop by to give them some advice on your favored class.

In the meanwhile: get the best gear you can get, but don’t think that gear is going to make you great at PvP.

Gear is just one factor to being successful.


Filed under Cynwise's Battlefield Manual

24 responses to “Optimizing Your Character’s Gear For PvP

  1. Bookmarked, if purely so I don’t forget the spell pen cap. =P

    I was thinking of compiling a post on creating a Random BG PvPing set for Afflock from 85 scratch — that is, start with the papery PvE raid gear and build up. But I figured you probably have a gearlist lying around. There’s just not many Random BG advice floating around.

    • I think such a post might still be useful. I do have a general guide to Season 9 PvP Gear that applies to warlocks, though I didn’t call out specific gear items. My choices for specific stats to go for Affliction are Hit, Spell Pen, then Intellect > Haste > Crit > Mastery. I didn’t worry too much about my secondary stats on my crafted set, but once you start buying gear from the PvP vendor I thought I should put some thought into it.

      The only thing missing if you are just doing random BGs will be a PvP weapon – use the crafted Spellblade and Resilience offhand from Inscription until you get something better from dungeons and raids.

  2. That’s quite a step for the Ask Mr. Robot team. I like it for a quick check on my PvE choices, and it would be nice to have a tool of some kind for PvP to help with gearing decisions.

    • Yeah, I was surprised to see that they were doing it. It’s an interesting, useful tool for PvE, and I’m interested to see what they do for PvP.

  3. Abunei

    Apologies if this point has been beaten into the ground elsewhere, but are you sure about 301 resilience providing 0.82% DR? On the armory my DK’s 2200 resilience displays as providing 23.11% DR, and the same is true on the resilience tooltip in-game. If that’s true, your 301 resilience would be a loss of about 3.16% DR. Which would still make the Darkmoon card a good tradeoff, IMO.

    Basically it seems like wowhead’s resilience calculations differ with what is displayed in-game, so I am inclined to think wowhead is doing it wrong. Though I certainly wouldn’t be shocked to learn the tooltips are what’s wrong instead.

    • I’m actuall not sure, now. I recall my damage reduction was around 33% at 3300, which would make your math correct and the wowhead tooltip wrong. Let me go back and check that tonight.

      It’s still a great trinket, but it’s good to be correct about these things.


      • nadilli

        Resil works in a way different to most stats. The more you have, the better your next point of resiliance works (the ammount increases exponentially). Ie. a character gains more of an effect from resilliance if they have 3400 points of resil than if they have 0.

        It is worth noting, however, that this is chainging in patch 4.1, where the gains of resil should be normalised between all characters (each character will recieve the same ammount of damage reduction no matter what level of resil you are at).

      • I would be interested to see the math behind that statement.

        From what I’ve seen Resilience has had a flat, linear application in terms of damage reduction. I seem to recall it had diminishing returns at some point, where the more you had, the less effective it was, but I can’t find any record of that right now. I just double-checked EJ’s Combat Ratings at 85, and there’s nothing about exponential application there.

        I did some quick checks on my own gear, and setting aside how tooltips can lie to you, here are the values I saw removing similar pieces of gear.

        • 3340 Resilience, 35.08% Damage Reduction
        • 3039 Resilience, 31.92% Damage Reduction (-301 resil, -3.16% DR)
        • 2738 Resilience, 28.76% Damage Reduction (-301 resil, -3.16% DR)
        • 2619 Resilience, 27.51% Damage Reduction (-119 resil, -1.25% DR)
        • 2500 Resilience, 26.26% Damage Reduction (-119 resil, -1.25% DR)

        So, I’m happy to be wrong on this one, but I’d need to see some math to convince me that the tooltips are wrong.

      • Hm. Found the patch notes on the 4.1 PTR which talk about this (thanks, Xylotism) and how they’re changing it to work linearly.

        I don’t quite understand how the math is working out given what I’m seeing, but I do see that they’re making a change. Is it after 32% that you start seeing increasing returns?

        Anyhow: I learned something new today, so, thanks!

      • My next post is about Resilience’s exponential scaling with player survivability in response to this set of comments, because when I’m wrong, I’m wrong.

        Thanks for pointing out my mistake, Nadilli!

  4. As with any gear site, the suggestions are often all that is needed to convert a PVP hater, to a PVP player. What got me into PVP more than anything else, was the not dying (as much). That happened less, when I had better pajamas.

    When I blogged about the AskMrRobot site, I thought they had a great thing going. Their biggest strength is their stat weights engine. If they could simply open up more stat weights for each class. (using your numbers) Throw in +spell pen with (soft cap at 196, hard cap at 240) and +hit hard cap at 5%, you can at least get some good gemming and reforge strategies for your PVE gear, or BOE pickups. Then allow bloggers to link to those stat-weight engines and we can all post “BIS PVP Gear” lists, with the gem and reforge priorities.

    That leads me to playstyle. My PVP playstyle has been survivability before damage. I find that I don’t have the reflexes of the teen-twenty somethings anymore and need to stack lots of stam and resilience on my gear. I will survive. Live by the dot. As I moved away from affliction pvp, into destro, I could stack more crit, and less stam.

    I agree that a single master PVP build is not the way to go. (heck, Blizzard wants the Ultimate PVE build to only be a suggestion.) A great gear site, needs flexibility, and portablility. Anyone can use it for their purposes, just make it flexible for how they want.

    • Flexibility is absolutely key. These are some great suggestions, please make sure that the Mr. Robot team sees them! I especially like the linking option. I know I’d abuse the heck out of that one. 🙂

  5. Crimpshrine

    Great article, thanks. Where you used “abrogate”, I do believe the meaning you intended was “subrogate” or “delegate”.

    • Oh, that’s a good point, thanks! I shifted thought in midsentence; you could abrogate your own responsibility (implying that someone else would pick it up, or that no one would) but that negates it entirely; if you transfer it to someone else it’s delegation.

      Fixed now. WTB professional editor for proofreading, PST? 🙂

  6. Hensonite

    I think an important part of PVP success ist teamwork, which translates into gear choices. Wenn I (mage) go into an arena with a paladin, I being trained most of the time. When I go with our priest, it’s mostly her being the focus.

    In the first case, I’d put a bigger emphasis on resilience, while in the second, it’s damage and control (control roughly translating into haste).

    Unfortunately, I can’t afford several Gear sets or regem frequently, so I have to either make a choice or choose a mix.

    • I think this is absolutely correct. Different kinds of PvP will require different adjustments to your gear. Saying that there’s a “best” PvP gearset ignores this subtlety.

      It’s still worth doing – say, here’s the best gear for damage, here’s the best one for control, here’s the best for survival – but players have to use their judgement.

  7. nadilli

    Just a quick note; Assination specced rogues also look to cap spell penetration to increase the damage from their poisons.

    Otherwise, awesome article 🙂

  8. Great post, Cyn.

    PvP is vastly variable… something as simple as a duel, even against your own class, can happen a million different ways.

    Spec and gearing is probably the easiest thing you can prepare, but after that it all comes down to skill, coordination, preference and practice, and those things do affect your spec and gearing.

    It’s bonkers. I’m glad people like you and Team Robot are here to offer up solid advice on the subject.

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  10. I’m sure some of you saw this already, but, we added in the tools for PvP optimization. We do not have pre-set “default” weights, specs, etc. for PvP yet – but the tools that PvP bloggers and theorycrafters need are available to play around with!

    What we are really hoping is that those of you who are knowledgeable about PvP will create some good links for the specs you know well, and then we can share them with the community or use them as a default, or as part of a set of defaults for common play styles. (And of course reference those who create them!)

    We are focusing on the mobile app most right now, but we wanted to get this update out with tools that the PvP community can start working with. We do not consider our PvP implementation “complete” at this time – we consider it in a fledgling state.

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